Displaying from 21 to 30 of 244 available piece of news
The link between cryptocurrencies and Google Trends attention
This paper revisits the linkage between cryptocurrencies and public disclosed preferences, proxied by online searches. We show that cryptocurrencies are not related to a general uncertainty index as measured by the Google Trends data by Castelnuovo and Tran (2017). Instead, cryptocurrencies are linked to a Google Trends attention measure specific for this market.
The application for funding may be diverting researchers from doing research: The perverse effects of competitive research calls.
A researcher from the Universitat Rovira i Virgili at the Dept. Economics/Eco-SOS and a researcher from the Max Planck Society in Germany have analysed different ways of reducing inefficiency and the waste of resources associated with the application to research funding calls.
Detection of Geographical Clustering: Cultural and Creative Industries in Barcelona
Creative clusters are increasingly being recognized as vital tools in the promotion of the competitiveness, innovation, urban development, and growth of cities in developed countries. This paper studies the geography of Cultural and Creative Industries (CCIs) in Barcelona (Spain) for the years 2009 and 2017. We investigate the spatial distribution of firms using the Scan methodology, which identifies the localization of clusters and assigns them statistical significance. Our findings indicate that CCIs are not located haphazardly- they tend to cluster in and around Barcelona's prime districts. The evolution of the clusters over these nine years reveals distinct patterns of clustering among the twelve CCI sub-sectors. The mature clusters in Barcelona's core tend to have greater growth and enhanced transformation capabilities. Our results can guide CCI cluster policy, taking into account the specificity of each sub-sector. In addition, they can direct place-based development strategies, creative urban and rural planning, and restructuring in a polycentric context.
Policies for Supporting the Regional Circular Economy and Sustainability
The Circular Economy and Sustainability are among the greatest challenges faced by policy makers, producers, and consumers. Circular Economy processes demand less from the environment since they can minimize waste generation, and, hence, can be powerful tools to combat the negative effects of climate change.
Additionally, following subsidiarity principles, public policies supporting the Circular Economy should be designed at the lowest levels of public administrations-this provides huge opportunities for regional governments to design, implement and monitor these policies. This paper explores and discusses implications for those policies before introducing the five papers published in the special issue dedicated to policies for regional economy and sustainability.
While some of the papers attempt to conceptualize sustainable development through a microeconomic perspective, others have a clear macroeconomic empirical focus. In consequence, this special issue provides a rich body of work for further Circularity and Sustainability nexus studies.
The city of start-ups: Location determinants of start-ups in emergent industries in Barcelona
Several authors suggest that cities promote technology, innovation, and the growth of disruptive technologies (Bosma and Sternberg, 2014; Balland et al., 2020). In recent years, cities have become nursery start-ups and high-risk investments have shifted from the outskirts to the city center (Florida and Mellander, 2016). This is a common trend, observed not only in the United States, but in many major cities around the world (Florida, 2013; Florida and Mellander, 2016).
Among these, Barcelona occupies a prominent place internationally, just behind European cities such as London, Paris, Berlin and Amsterdam. Its growing popularity as a business center is due at least in part to the efforts made by the Generalitat in recent years to develop a rich and diverse ecosystem.
U.S. banks’ lending, financial stability, and text-based sentiment analysis
We examine the impact of investor sentiment on bank credit and financial stability. We also investigate how loan growth may affect bank stability. We use a large panel data set of U.S. commercial banks over the period 1999Q1-2015Q4, using bank-level data. Investor sentiment is proxied by two novel but alternative measures based on textual analysis
Using contests to design emission tax mechanisms
An optimal tax mechanism has less impact on economic growth, incentivizes firms' green R&D investments, and achieves carbon neutrality fast.
Two researchers from the Universitat Rovira i Virgili at the Dept. Economics/Eco-SOS have proposed three novel market-based emissions tax mechanisms. The objective of their approach is to minimize economic losses, incentivizing green R&D investments and reducing environmental emissions in a sustainable manner.
The economic reaction to non-pharmaceutical interventions during Covid-19
Policy makers have implemented a set of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to contain the spread of Covid-19 and reduce the burden on health systems. These restrictive measures have had adverse effects on economic activity; however, these negative impacts differ with respect to each country. Based on daily data, this article studies governmental economic responses to the application of NPIs for 59 countries. Furthermore, we assess if these economic responses differ according to the economic and sectoral context of the countries. By applying a counting model to the economic support intensity, our results quantify the average reaction of governments in counterbalancing the imposition of NPIs. We further re-estimate the base model by dividing the countries according to their GDP per capita, the intensity of their service sectors, and the expenditure by tourists. Our results show how each NPI implied a different level of economic support and how the structural characteristics considered were relevant to the decision-making process.
New indicator to predict high-growth enterprises
High-growth enterprises (HGEs) have a large economic impact but are notoriously hard to predict. Previous research has linked high-growth episodes to the configuration of lumpy indivisible resources inside firms, such that high capacity utilisation levels might stimulate future growth. We theorize that firms reaching critically high capacity utilisation levels reach a "trigger point" involving either broad-based investment in further growth or shrinking back to previous levels. We analyze EIBIS survey data (matched to ORBIS) which features a question on time-varying capacity utilisation. Overcapacity is a transitory state. Firms enter into overcapacity after a period of the rapid growth of sales and profits, and the years surrounding overcapacity have higher employment growth rates. Firms operating at overcapacity make incremental investments (e.g. capacity expansion, process improvements and modern machinery) rather than investing in R&D and new product development. We find support for the "fork in the road" hypothesis: for some firms, overcapacity is associated with launching into massive investments and subsequent sales growth, while for other firms, overcapacity is negatively related to both investments and sales growth.
No international tourists? How domestic destinations have competed for national tourists during COVID times.
The COVID-19 has caused a dramatic fall in international tourism demand. Destinations within countries have revised their promotion strategies, intensifying the competition for the domestic market, less affected by mobility restrictions. This paper proposes a contest theory model for characterizing this new context. Two types of destinations, coastal (sun and sand) and rural, compete for the existing demand in terms of promotion spending. The competition is driven by two main factors: the relative strategic advantage of each destination in the international and domestic markets and the strategic value given to each market. The pandemic has likely modified these factors, reducing the traditional advantage of coastal destinations and shifting the valuation towards the domestic market. According to the model, these changes may increase competition for the domestic market, with destinations rising promotion spending even in a context of reduced demand, which is consistent with the empirical evidence.